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Python vs. Scala vs. C++

Python Scala C++
Python Scala ANSI/ISO C++
Category
Preference 40% votes 42% votes 18% votes
Website www.​python.​org www.​scala-lang.​org www.​open-std.​org/​jtc1/​sc22/​wg21/​
License ?
Features
Unicode Yes Yes Yes
Script language Yes Yes No
Interpreter Yes Yes No
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Description Python is both object-oriented and functional. It blends a number of modern language features, while maintaining close compatibility with C/C++. Scala is a programming language. It is both object-oriented (think inheritance, methods, ...) and functional (think closures). It blends a number of modern language features, while maintaining close compatibility with Java. Multi-paradigm native compiled language
Tag OOP, Multi-paradigm OOP, True Functional, Multi-paradigm Multi-paradigm, Object Oriented, procedural, Meta, Closure
Multi-user system Yes ? ?
Extension/Plug-in Yes Yes Conditional
Operating system
Programming language
Database ?
Multilingual content Conditional ? ?
Multiple projects No ? Yes
Standard compliance Yes ? ?
Isolation No ? ?
Horizontal scalable Yes Yes ?
Target audience
Framework
Full text search Yes ? Yes
Difficulty level
Version number 3.4.0 2.10.3 C++14
Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) Yes Yes Yes
Machine Code Generation Yes No Yes
Release Date December 1989 2003 1983
Documentation level ★★★★★ ★★★☆☆ ★★★★☆
Multi tasking Yes ? ?
Influences
RESTful Yes ? ?
Code Generation Yes Yes Conditional
Dynamic typing Yes No Yes
Programming paradigm
Comments Yes ? Yes
Scripting language support
Free to use Yes Yes Yes
Backend
Active Yes Yes Yes
Database Connection Pooling Yes Yes Yes
Creation Date December 1989 2003 1983
Community Driven Good Good Good
HTML syntax Yes Yes No
WSDL Yes Yes No
REPL Yes Yes No
Reliability ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆
API Excellent Good Good
Compiled language No Yes Yes
Embeddable Yes ? ?
Open Architecture Yes ? ?
Compiler No Yes Yes
API comprehensibility ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆ ★★★☆☆
Jobs Oportunities ★★★★☆ ★★★☆☆ ★★★☆☆
Implementation flexibility 33% votes 33% votes 33% votes
Out-of-the-box functionality 46% votes 21% votes 33% votes
Control structures Yes Yes Yes
Realtime No ? Yes
Community feedback ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆
Ease of use ★★★★★ ★★★☆☆ ★★★☆☆
Free for commercial use Yes Yes Yes
Duck typing Yes No Yes
360° Camera Yes No ?
Easy of Use Yes No Yes
Latest Standard 17ᵗʰ March 2014 20ᵗʰ August 2013 18ᵗʰ August 2014
JVM Yes Yes No
CLR Yes No Yes
Open Source Yes Yes Yes
Nested Comments Yes No Yes
Type inference Yes Yes Yes
Websocket Support Yes ? Yes
Maven support No Yes Yes
Events Support Yes ? Yes
Lambda Expressions Yes Yes Yes
Properties Yes Yes Yes
Partial Classes Yes Yes Yes
Unsafe code support Yes No Yes
Safe casting Yes Yes Yes
Runtime Generic Support Yes Yes Yes
Runtime dynamic types Yes Yes No
Closures Yes Yes Yes
Delegates Yes ? Yes
iOS Development Support No Yes Yes
Native asynchronous operators await/async No No Yes
Perfomance ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆ ★★★★☆
I like it Yes Yes Yes
Debug Mode Yes Yes Yes
Static Typing No Yes Yes
Autocomplete Code Yes Yes Yes
Symbols No Yes ?
Supported from Google Yes ? Yes
Makes you angry No No Yes
Easy to Learn Yes No Yes
Creates a slew of inefficient Javascript No ? No
Extensibility Yes ? Yes
Unit Testing Yes Yes Yes
Ajax Yes ? Yes
Macro System No Yes Yes
Higher Kinded Types Yes Yes Yes
Pattern Matching Yes Yes Yes
Operating system server
Package Manager Yes Yes Yes
Easy Setup Yes Yes Yes
Jquery Yes ? ?
Vertically Scalable Yes ? ?
Framework specific vocabulary Yes ? ?
JIT Compiler Yes Yes No
Self Server Yes Yes ?
Will get you a job Yes Yes ?
Ability to link to external programs and systems Yes ? Yes
Official IDE Support Yes Yes ?
Source Repository ? ?
Language Integrated Query ? Yes Yes
Value types creation ? Yes Yes
Compiler Plugin Architecture ? Yes No
Concurrency ? Yes ?
Sexy ? Yes Yes
Method signatures passing as parameter ? ? Yes
Easy to Config ? ? Yes
Supported by Microsoft ? ? Yes
Tasks ? ? No
Programs ? ?
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Python Scala C++
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